ETIQUETTE & COMMANDS

ETIQUETTE  & COMMANDS

DOJO:                    Training Hall

GI:                          Training Suit

KARATEKA:          Student of Karate

SEMPI:                  Ones Senior

SENSEI:                 Instructor

EMBERCEN:         Please line up

NORE:                   Prepare to bow

SEIZA:                   Kneel down

MOKOSO:             Meditating

SENSEI NI REI:   Class bows to Instructor and Instructor bows to class

OTAGAI NI RE:    Class bows to the Dojo and to those assembled

KIRITSU:             Stand up

YO-OI:                  Ready stance

HAJIME:              Begin

YAMAE:               Finish, return to Yo-oi

TSUKI, PUNCHING TECHIQUES

KAGIZUKI:                 Hook

TOBIKOMIZUKI:       Lead jab

TOBIGYAKUZUKI:    Reverse jab

NAGASHIZUKI:       Angle, slipping jab

AGEZUKI:                 Upper cut

YAMAZUKI:             Over head

JUNZUKI:                  Lunge

GYAKUZUKI:           Reverse lunge

KERIWAZA  KICKING TECHIQUES

MAEGERI:                 Front kick

USHIRO GERI:          Back kick

MAWASHI GERI:     Angle kick

SOTO MIKAZUKI GERI:    Crescent kick

FUMIKOMI:               Stamping kick

SURIKOMI GERI:      Low level sweep kick

HIZA GERI:                Knee strike

SOKUTO GERI:         Side kick

STRIKES, PARRYS AND DEFLECTIONS

JODAN UKE:                       Upper strike

SOTO UKE:                          Outer strike

UCHI UKE:                           Inner strike

GEDAN UKE:                       Lower strike

SUKUI UKE:                         Scooping, deflection

OSAEUKE:                            Pressing

NAGASHI UKE:                   Slipping, brushing

KAKE UKE:                          Catching, grasping

MAWASHI UKE:                 Circular deflection

SHUTO UKE:                        Knife hand strike

EMPI:                                    Elbow

ATEWAZA:                           Combination elbows

TATE EMPI:                          Vertical elbow

OTOSHI EMPI:                     Dropping elbow

MAWASHI EMPI:                Round elbow

YOKO EMPI:                         Sideward elbow

USHIRO EMPI:                     Backward elbow

MAE EMPI:                           Front elbow

STRIKING AREA OF THE HAND

SEIKEN:                   Normal fist ¾ turn

URAKEN:                 Back fist

TETTSUI:                 Hammer fist

IPPONKEN:             Forefinger fist

NAKADAKA

IPPONKEN:             Middle finger fist

OYAYUBI:                With thumb fist

HIRAKEN:               Flat fist, use of middle joints

KOKEN:                   Upper part of the wrist

KEIKO:                    Chickens beak, tips of fingers pressed together

SHUTO:                    Outer knife hand

HAITO:                     Inner knife hand

NUKITE:                   Spear hand

SHOTE:                     Palm hand

HAISHU:                   Back hand

STANCES
ZENKUTSUDACHI           Forward stance (used with front hand)

GYAKUZUKIDACHI        Forward stance (used with back hand)

NEKOASHI HANMI:      Half facing cat stance

GYAKU NEKOASHI:      Reverse cat stance

SHIKO DACHI:               Horse stance

SHIZENTAI:                    Natural relaxed stance

SANCHIN DACHI:         Small circular stance

NAIFANCHI DACHI:     Triangular toes on line

TATAE SEISHAN:          Vertical, on line

YOKO SEISHAN:           Horizontal, on line

MUSUBI DACHI:           Attention, feet form  v

NOTTSUKKOMI:           Leaning forwards

SAGIASHI DACHI:        One legged stance

KOKUTSU DACHI:        Weight on the back leg

KOSADACHI:                 Cross leg stance

HIDARISHIZENTAI:     Left natural stance

MIGISHIZENTAI:          Right natural stance

HEISOKUDACHI:          Closed toe stance

FUDO DACHI:                Low drop stance

DIRECTIONAL

MAE:                      Front

USHIRO:                Back

YOKO:                    Side

AIHANMI:             Same side forward

GYAKUHANMI:    Opposite side forward

SURIKOMI:           Step with the back foot

TAOSHIWAZA:     Take down

ASHIBARI:             Foot sweeps

KUMITE:                Exchange techniques

IPPONKUMITE:    One step pairs work

KIHON:                   Basic

YAKOSUKO:           Prearranged

IRIMI:                     Entering

KAWASHI:             Avoiding

NOGARE:               Escaping

TAISABAKI:           Body skills

MUSHIN:               Beginners mind

TEGUMI:                Hand drilling

KATA:                     Prearranged patterns

KENSETSU:           Locks

UKEMI:                  Break fall

TUITE:                   Grappling

KIMAE:                 Focus of technique

ATEMI:                  Vital point striking

KIAI:                      Focused of spirit, breath, technique

RENKAI:               Combinations

ZANSHIN:             Awareness

HEI JO SHIN:        Keep your usual mind

NI SENTINASHI:   There is no first attack

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