ETIQUETTE & COMMANDS

ETIQUETTE  & COMMANDS

 

DOJO:                  Training Hall

GI:                         Training Suit

KARATEKA:       Student of Karate

SEMPI:                 Ones Senior

SENSEI:                Instructor
EMBERCEN:       Please line up
NORE:                   Prepare to bow

SEIZA:                   Kneel down
MOKOSO:             Meditating
SENSEI NI REI:  Class bows to Instructor and Instructor bows to class

OTAGAI NI RE:   Class bows to the Dojo and to those assembled

KIRITSU:              Stand up
YO-OI:                   Ready stance

HAJIME:              Begin

YAMAE:                Finish, return to Yo-oi

TSUKI, PUNCHING TECHIQUES
KAGIZUKI:                Hook
TOBIKOMIZUKI:     Lead jab

TOBIGYAKUZUKI: Reverse jab

NAGASHIZUKI:       Angle, slipping jab
AGEZUKI:                 Upper cut

YAMAZUKI:             Over head

JUNZUKI:                  Lunge

GYAKUZUKI:           Reverse lunge

KERIWAZA  KICKING TECHIQUES
MAEGERI:                 Front kick

USHIRO GERI:          Back kick

MAWASHI GERI:     Angle kick

SOTO MIKAZUKI GERI:    Crescent kick

FUMIKOMI:               Stamping kick

SURIKOMI GERI:     Low level sweep kick

HIZA GERI:                Knee strike

SOKUTO GERI:         Side kick

STRIKES, PARRYS AND DEFLECTIONS
JODAN UKE:                       Upper strike
SOTO UKE:                          Outer strike

UCHI UKE:                           Inner strike

GEDAN UKE:                       Lower strike

SUKUI UKE:                         Scooping, deflection
OSAEUKE:                            Pressing

NAGASHI UKE:                   Slipping, brushing

KAKE UKE:                          Catching, grasping

MAWASHI UKE:                 Circular deflection

SHUTO UKE:                        Knife hand strike

EMPI:                                     Elbow

ATEWAZA:                           Combination elbows

TATE EMPI:                          Vertical elbow

OTOSHI EMPI:                     Dropping elbow

MAWASHI EMPI:                Round elbow
YOKO EMPI:                        Sideward elbow

USHIRO EMPI:                     Backward elbow

MAE EMPI:                           Front elbow

STRIKING AREA OF THE HAND
SEIKEN:                   Normal fist ¾ turn

URAKEN:                 Back fist

TETTSUI:                 Hammer fist

IPPONKEN:             Forefinger fist

NAKADAKA

IPPONKEN:             Middle finger fist

OYAYUBI:               With thumb fist

HIRAKEN:               Flat fist, use of middle joints

KOKEN:                   Upper part of the wrist

KEIKO:                    Chickens beak, tips of

fingers pressed together

SHUTO:                    Outer knife hand

HAITO:                     Inner knife hand

NUKITE:                   Spear hand

SHOTE:                     Palm hand

HAISHU:                   Back hand

STANCES
ZENKUTSUDACHI       Forward stance (used

With front hand)

GYAKUZUKIDACHI    Forward stance (used
with back hand)
NEKOASHI HANMI:     Half facing cat stance
GYAKU NEKOASHI:    Reverse cat stance

SHIKO DACHI:              Horse stance

SHIZENTAI:                   Natural relaxed stance

SANCHIN DACHI:         Small circular stance

NAIFANCHI DACHI:    Triangular toes on line

TATAE SEISHAN:         Vertical, on line

YOKO SEISHAN:           Horizontal, on line

MUSUBI DACHI:           Attention, feet form  v

NOTTSUKKOMI:           Leaning forwards

SAGIASHI DACHI:        One legged stance

KOKUTSU DACHI:       Weight on the back leg

KOSADACHI:                 Cross leg stance

HIDARISHIZENTAI:     Left natural stance

MIGISHIZENTAI:          Right natural stance

HEISOKUDACHI:          Closed toe stance

FUDO DACHI:                 Low drop stance

DIRECTIONAL
MAE:                      Front

USHIRO:               Back

YOKO:                   Side

AIHANMI:             Same side forward

GYAKUHANMI:  Opposite side forward

SURIKOMI:           Step with the back foot

 

TAOSHIWAZA:     Take down

ASHIBARI:             Foot sweeps

KUMITE:                Exchange techniques

IPPONKUMITE:    One step pairs work

KIHON:                   Basic

YAKOSUKO:         Prearranged

IRIMI:                      Entering

KAWASHI:             Avoiding

NOGARE:               Escaping

TAISABAKI:           Body skills

MUSHIN:                 Beginners mind

TEGUMI:                 Hand drilling

KATA:                      Prearranged patterns

KENSETSU:            Locks

UKEMI:                   Break fall
TUITE:                    Grappling

KIMAE:                   Focus of technique
ATEMI:                   Vital point striking
KIAI:                       Focused of spirit, breath, technique
RENKAI:                  Combinations

ZANSHIN:                Awareness

HEI JO SHIN:          Keep your usual mind

NI SENTINASHI:    There is no first attack